The role of carbon metabolism in drought stress tolerance

Plant Molecular Physiology and Biochemistry

Our lab is interested in understanding the molecular mechanisms of carbon partitioning (between starch and sugars) at different stages of water deficit.

In the case of mild water stress, the partial closure of stomata can be sufficient to sustain plant performance, thus making guard cells a putative target to engineer drought avoidance in plants with minimal alterations of yield. We employ a diverse array of molecular and biochemical approaches to investigate the contribution of starch and sucrose metabolism in the regulation of stomatal movement in Arabidopsis guard cells over the diurnal cycle and in response to water deficit.

In case of more severe stress, one of the most important mechanisms of drought resistance is the accumulation of soluble sugars to avoid water loss and to protect membranes, enzymes and other structures against damage and denaturation. To identify the precise metabolic origin of the increased sugar pool and the way the stress-induced reprogramming of carbon metabolism is regulated, we perform 14CO2 “pulse-chase” experiments in Arabidopsis wild type plants and a set of starch/sucrose-related mutants exposed to different levels of water stress.

 

Recent Publications

  • Transitory Starch Metabolism in Guard Cells: Unique Features for a Unique Function 
    Santelia, Diana; Lunn, John E. 
    PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 174 (2): 539-549 JUN 2017 Article (Details)
  • Starch as a determinant of plant fitness under abiotic stress 
    Thalmann, Matthias; Santelia, Diana 
    NEW PHYTOLOGIST, 214 (3): 943-951 MAY 2017 Review (Details)
  • Starch Turnover and Metabolism during Flower and Early Embryo Development 
    Hedhly, Afif; Vogler, Hannes; Schmid, Marc W.; et al. 
    PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 172 (4): 2388-2402 DEC 2016 Article (Details)
  • Rethinking Guard Cell Metabolism 
    Santelia, Diana; Lawson, Tracy 
    PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 172 (3): 1371-1392 NOV 2016 Review (Details)
  • Regulation of Leaf Starch Degradation by Abscisic Acid Is Important for Osmotic Stress Tolerance in Plants 
    Thalmann, Matthias; Pazmino, Diana; Seung, David; et al. 
    PLANT CELL, 28 (8): 1860-1878 AUG 2016 Article (Details)
Diana Santelia

Dr. Diana Santelia
University of Zurich
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
8008 Zurich

Tel: +41 (0)44 634 82 82

Research topics

  • Carbohydrate metabolism
  • Guard cells
  • Drought/desiccation tolerance

 

Interdisciplinary

  • Plant biochemistry and physiology
  • Molecular genetics
  • Cell biology