Plant ecology

Most of our research is concerned with drivers and functional consequences of biodiversity change, with the ecology and evolution of rare and invasive plants, with Alpine ecology, with Botanical Gardens (Botanical Garden of the University of Bern), and with conservation biology.

Recent Publications

  • Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses
    Steidinger, BS; Crowther, TW; Liang, J; Van Nuland, ME; Werner, GDA; Reich, PB; Nabuurs, G; De-Miguel, S; Zhou, M; Picard, N; Herault, B; Zhao, X; Zhang, C; Routh, D; Peay, KG; Abegg, M; Yao, CYA; Alberti, G; Zambrano, AA; Alvarez-Davila, E; Alvarez-Loayza, P; Alves, LF; Ammer, C; Anton-Fernandez, C; Araujo-Murakami, A; Arroyo, L; Avitabile, V; Aymard, G; Baker, T; Balazy, R; Banki, O; Barroso, J; Bastian, M; Bastin, JF; Birigazzi, L; Birnbaum, P; Bitariho, R; Boeckx, P; Bongers, F; Bouriaud, O; Brancalion, PHS; Brandl, S; Brearley, FQ; Brienen, R; Broadbent, E;  Bruelheide, H; Bussotti, F; Gatti, RC; Cesar, R; Cesljar, G; Chazdon, R; Chen, HYH; Chisholm, C; Cienciala, E; Clark, CJ; Clark, D; Colletta, G; Condit, R; Coomes, D; Valverde, FC; Corral-Rivas, JJ; Crim, P; Cumming, J; Dayanandan, S; de Gasper, AL; Decuyper, M; Derroire, G; DeVries, B; Djordjevic, I; Ieda, A; Dourdain, A; Obiang, NLE; Enquist, B; Eyre, T; Fandohan, AB; Fayle, TM; Feldpausch, TR; Finer, L; Fischer, M; Fletcher, C; Fridman, J; Frizzera, L; Gamarra, JGP; Gianelle, D; Glick, HB; Harris, D; Hector, A; Hemp, A; Hengeveld, G; Herbohn, J; Herold, M; Hillers, A; Coronado, ENH; Huber, M; Hui, C; Cho, H; Ibanez, T; Jung, I; Imai, N; Jagodzinski, AM; Jaroszewicz, B; Johannsen, V; Joly, CA; Jucker, T; Karminov, V; Kartawinata, K; Kearsley, E; Kenfack, D; Kennard, D; Kepfer-Rojas, S; Keppel, G; Khan, ML; Killeen, T; Kim, HS; Kitayama, K; Kohl, M; Korjus, H; Kraxner, F; Laarmann, D; Lang, M; Lewis, S; Lu, HC; Lukina, N; Maitner, B; Malhi, Y; Marcon, E; Marimon, BS; Marimon, BH; Marshall, AR; Martin, E; Martynenko, O; Meave, JA; Melo-Cruz, O; Mendoza, C; Merow, C; Mendoza, AM; Moreno, V; Mukul, SA; Mundhenk, P; Nava-Miranda, MG; Neill, D; Neldner, V; Nevenic, R; Ngugi, M; Niklaus, P; Oleksyn, J; Ontikov, P; Ortiz-Malavasi, E; Pan, YD; Paquette, A; Parada-Gutierrez, A; Parfenova, E; Park, M; Parren, M; Parthasarathy, N; Peri, PL; Pfautsch, S; Phillips, O; Piedade, MT; Piotto, D; Pitman, NCA; Polo, I; Poorter, L; Poulsen, AD; Poulsen, JR; Pretzsch, H; Arevalo, FR; Restrepo-Correa, Z; Rodeghiero, M; Rolim, S; Roopsind, A; Rovero, F; Rutishauser, E; Saikia, P; Saner, P; Schall, P; Schelhaas, MJ; Schepaschenko, D; Scherer-Lorenzen, M; Schmid, B; Schongart, J; Searle, E; Seben, V; Serra-Diaz, JM; Salas-Eljatib, C; Sheil, D; Shvidenko, A; Silva-Espejo, J; Silveira, M; Singh, J; Sist, P; Slik, F; Sonke, B; Souza, AF; Sterenczak, K; Svenning, JC; Svoboda, M; Targhetta, N; Tchebakova, N; ter Steege, H; Thomas, R; Tikhonova, E; Umunay, P; Usoltsev, V; Valladares, F; van der Plas, F; Do, TV; Martinez, RV; Verbeeck, H; Viana, H; Vieira, S; von Gadow, K; Wang, HF; Watson, J; Westerlund, B; Wiser, S; Wittmann, F; Wortel, V; Zagt, R; Zawila-Niedzwiecki, T; Zhu, ZX; Zo-Bi, IC
    Group Author(s): GFBI Consortium
    NATURE, 569 (7756):404-+; 10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0 MAY 16 2019
  • Climate-land-use interactions shape tropical mountain biodiversity and ecosystem functions
    Peters, MK; Hemp, A; Appelhans, T; Becker, JN; Behler, C; Classen, A; Detsch, F; Ensslin, A; Ferger, SW; Frederiksen, SB; Gebert, F; Gerschlauer, F; Gutlein, A; Helbig-Bonitz, M; Hemp, C; Kindeketa, WJ; Kuhnel, A; Mayr, AV; Mwangomo, E; Ngereza, C; Njovu, HK; Otte, I; Pabst, H; Renner, M; Roder, J; Rutten, G; Costa, DS; Sierra-Cornejo, N; Vollstadt, MGR; Dulle, HI; Eardley, CD; Howell, KM; Keller, A; Peters, RS; Ssymank, A; Kakengi, V; Zhang, J; Bogner, C; Bohning-Gaese, K; Brandl, R; Hertel, D; Huwe, B; Kiese, R; Kleyer, M; Kuzyakov, Y; Nauss, T; Schleuning, M; Tschapka, M; Fischer, M; Steffan-Dewenter, I
    NATURE, 568 (7750):88-+; 10.1038/s41586-019-1048-z APR 4 2019
  • Ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic soil fungal biomass are driven by different factors and vary among broadleaf and coniferous temperate forests
    Awad, A; Majcherczyk, A; Schall, P; Schroter, K; Schoning, I; Schrumpf, M; Ehbrecht, M; Boch, S; Kahl, T; Bauhus, J; Seidel, D; Ammer, C; Fischer, M; Kues, U; Pena, R
    SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY, 131 9-18; 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.12.014 APR 2019
  • Identifying the tree species compositions that maximize ecosystem functioning in European forests
    Baeten, L; Bruelheide, H; van der Plas, F; Kambach, S; Ratcliffe, S; Jucker, T; Allan, E; Ampoorter, E; Barbaro, L; Bastias, CC; Bauhus, J; Benavides, R; Bonal, D; Bouriaud, O; Bussotti, F; Carnol, M; Castagneyrol, B; Charbonnier, Y; Checko, E; Coomes, DA; Dahlgren, J; Dawud, SM; De Wandeler, H; Domisch, T; Finer, L; Fischer, M; Fotelli, M; Gessler, A; Grossiord, C; Guyot, V; Hattenschwiler, S; Jactel, H; Jaroszewicz, B; Joly, FX; Koricheva, J; Lehtonen, A; Muller, S; Muys, B; Nguyen, D; Pollastrini, M; Radoglou, K; Raulund-Rasmussen, K; Ruiz-Benito, P; Selvi, F; Stenlid, J; Valladares, F; Vesterdal, L; Verheyen, K; Wirth, C; Zavala, MA; Scherer-Lorenzen, M
    JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, 56 (3):733-744; 10.1111/1365-2664.13308 MAR 2019
  • Landscape-Scale Mixtures of Tree Species are More Effective than Stand-Scale Mixtures for Biodiversity of Vascular Plants, Bryophytes and Lichens
    Heinrichs, S; Ammer, C; Mund, M; Boch, S; Budde, S; Fischer, M; Muller, J; Schoning, I; Schulze, ED; Schmidt, W; Weckesser, M; Schall, P
    FORESTS, 10 (1):10.3390/f10010073 JAN 2019
  • Effects of structural heterogeneity on the diurnal temperature range in temperate forest ecosystems
    Ehbrecht, M; Schall, P; Ammer, C; Fischer, M; Seidel, D
    FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, 432 860-867; 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.10.008 JAN 15 2019
  • Effects of forest management on bryophyte species richness in Central European forests
    Muller, J; Boch, S; Prati, D; Socher, SA; Pommer, U; Hessenmoller, D; Schall, P; Schulze, ED; Fischer, M
    FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, 432 850-859; 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.10.019 JAN 15 2019
  • Towards the development of general rules describing landscape heterogeneity-multifunctionality relationships
    van der Plas, F; Allan, E; Fischer, M; Alt, F; Arndt, H; Binkenstein, J; Blaser, S; Bluthgen, N; Bohm, S; Holzel, N; Klaus, VH; Kleinebecker, T;
    Morris, K; Oelmann, Y; Prati, D; Renner, SC; Rillig, MC; Schaefer, HM; Schloter, M; Schmitt, B; Schoning, I; Schrumpf, M; Solly, EF; Sorkau, E;
    Steckel, J; Steffan-Dewenter, I; Stempfhuber, B; Tschapka, M; Weiner, CN; Weisser, WW; Werner, M; Westphal, C; Wilcke, W; Manning, P
    JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, 56 (1):168-179; 10.1111/1365-2664.13260 JAN 2019
  • Specialisation and diversity of multiple trophic groups are promoted by different forest features
    Penone, C; Allan, E; Soliveres, S; Felipe-Lucia, MR; Gossner, MM; Seibold, S; Simons, NK; Schall, P; van der Plas, F; Manning, P; Manzanedo, RD; Boch, S; Prati, D; Ammer, C; Bauhus, J; Buscot, F;
    Ehbrecht, M; Goldmann, K; Jung, K; Muller, J; Muller, JC; Pena, R; Polle, A; Renner, SC; Ruess, L; Schonig, I; Schrumpf, M; Solly, EF; Tschapka, M; Weisser, WW; Wubet, T; Fischer, M
    ECOLOGY LETTERS, 22 (1):170-180; 10.1111/ele.13182 JAN 2019
  • Plant niche breadths along environmental gradients and their relationship to plant functional traits
    Costa, DS; Gerschlauer, F; Kiese, R; Fischer, M; Kleyer, M; Hemp, A
    DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS, 24 (12):1869-1882; 10.1111/ddi.12815 DEC 2018
  • Multiple forest attributes underpin the supply of multiple ecosystem services
    Felipe-Lucia, MR; Soliveres, S; Penone, C; Manning, P; van der Plas, F; Boch, S; Prati, D; Ammer, C; Schall, P; Gossner, MM; Bauhus, J; Buscot, F; Blaser, S; Bluthgen, N; de Frutos, A; Ehbrecht, M; Frank, K; Goldmann, K; Hansel, F; Jung, K; Kahl, T; Nauss, T; Oelmann, Y; Pena, R; Polle, A; Renner, S; Schloter, M; Schoning, I; Schrumpf, M; Schulze, ED; Solly, E; Sorkau, E; Stempfhuber, B; Tschapka, M; Weisser, WW; Wubet, T; Fischer, M; Allan, E
    NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 9 10.1038/s41467-018-07082-4 NOV 16 2018
  • Relations between forest management, stand structure and productivity across different types of Central European forests
    Schall, P; Schulze, ED; Fischer, M; Ayasse, M; Ammer, C
    BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY, 32 39-52; 10.1016/j.baae.2018.02.007 NOV 2018
  • Low-intensity management promotes bryophyte diversity in grasslands
    Boch, S; Muller, J; Prati, D; Fischer, M
    TUEXENIA, (38):311-328; 10.14471/2018.38.014 2018
  • Direct and indirect effects of land use on bryophytes in grasslands
    Boch, S; Allan, E; Humbert, JY; Kurtogullari, Y; Lessard-Therrien, M; Muller, J; Prati, D; Rieder, NS; Arlettaz, R; Fischer, M
    SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 644 60-67; 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.323 DEC 10 2018
  • Impacts of species richness on productivity in a large-scale subtropical forest experiment
    Huang, Y; Chen, Y; Castro-Izaguirre, N; Baruffol, M; Brezzi, M; Lang, AN; Li, Y; Haerdtle, W; Oheimb, G; Yang, X; Liu, X; Pei, K; Both, S; Yang, B; Eichenberg, D; Assmann, T; Bauhus, J; Behrens, T; Buscot, F; Chen, XY; Chesters, D; Ding, BY; Durka, W; Erfmeier, A; Fang, J; Fischer, M; Guo, LD; Guo, D; Gutknecht, JLM; He, JS; He, CL; Hector, A; Hoenig, L; Hu, RY; Klein, AM; Kuehn, P; Liang, Y; Li, S; Michalski, S; Scherer-Lorenzen, M; Schmidt, K; Scholten, T; Schuldt, A; Shi, X; Tan, MZ; Tang, Z; Trogisch, S; Wang, Z; Welk, E; Wirth, C; Wubet, T; Xiang, W; Yu, M; Yu, XD; Zhang, J; Zhang, S; Zhang, N; Zhou, HZ; Zhu, CD; Zhu, L; Bruelheide, H; Ma, K; Niklaus, PA; Schmid, B
    SCIENCE, 362 (6410):80-+; SI 10.1126/science.aat6405 OCT 5 2018
  • Fagus sylvatica seedlings show provenance differentiation rather than adaptation to soil in a transplant experiment
    Manzanedo, RD; Schanz, FR; Fischer, M; Allan, E
    BMC ECOLOGY, 18 10.1186/s12898-018-0197-5 OCT 3 2018
  • Genetic differentiation, phenotypic plasticity and adaptation in a hybridizing pair of a more common and a less common Carex species
    Schmidt, L; Schmid, B; Oja, T; Fischer, M
    ALPINE BOTANY, 128 (2):149-167; 10.1007/s00035-018-0211-8 OCT 2018
  • Increase in CO2 concentration could alter the response of Hedera helix to climate change
    Manzanedo, RD; Ballesteros-Canovas, J; Schenk, F; Stoffel, M; Fischer, M; Allan, E
    ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 8 (16):8598-8606; 10.1002/ece3.4388 AUG 2018
  • Plant and animal functional diversity drive mutualistic network assembly across an elevational gradient
    Albrecht, J; Classen, A; Vollstadt, MGR; Mayr, A; Mollel, NP; Costa, DS; Dulle, HI; Fischer, M; Hemp, A; Howell, KM; Kleyer, M; Nauss, T; Peters, MK; Tschapka, M; Steffan-Dewenter, I; Bohning-Gaese, K; Schleuning, M
    NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 9 10.1038/s41467-018-05610-w AUG 9 2018
  • Opportunities for research on mountain biodiversity under global change
    Payne, D; Spehn, EM; Snethlage, M; Fischer, M
    CURRENT OPINION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY, 29 40-47; 10.1016/j.cosust.2017.11.001 DEC 2017
  • Understanding the evolutionary potential of epigenetic variation: a comparison of heritable phenotypic variation in epiRILs, RILs, and natural ecotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana
    Zhang, Yuan-Ye; Latzel, Vit; Fischer, Markus; Bossdorf, Oliver
    HEREDITY, 121 (3):257-265; 10.1038/s41437-018-0095-9 SEP 2018
  • Connecting experimental biodiversity research to real-world grasslands
    Buchmann T; Schumacher J; Ebeling A; Eisenhauer N ; Fischer M; Gleixner G; Hacker N; Lange M; Oelmann Y; Schulze ED; Weigelt A; Weisser WW; Wilcke W; Roscher C
    PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS Volume: 33 Pages: 78-88 DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2018.06.002 AUG 2018
  • Land use intensity, rather than plant species richness, affects the leaching risk of multiple nutrients from permanent grasslands
    Klaus VH; Kleinebecker T; Busch V; Fischer M; Holzel N; Nowak S; Prati D; Schafer D; Schoning I; Schrumpf M; Hamer U
    GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 24 (7):2828-2840; 10.1111/gcb.14123 JUL 2018
  • Contribution of the soil seed bank to the restoration of temperate grasslands by mechanical sward disturbance
    Klaus, VH; Hoever, CJ; Fischer, M; Hamer, U; Kleinebecker, T; Mertens, D; Schafer, D; Prati, D; Holzel, N
    RESTORATION ECOLOGY, 26 S114-S122; 2 SI https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12626 JUN 2018
  • Does plant diversity affect the water balance of established grassland systems?
    Leimer S; Bischoff S; Boch S; Busch V; Escher P; Fischer M; Hansel F; Holzel N; Kerber K; Klaus VH; Kleinebecker T; Michalzik B; Nauss T; Schafer D; Schoning I; Schwarz MT; Siemens J; Thieme L; Wollauer S; Wilcke W
    ECOHYDROLOGY, 11 (4):10.1002/eco.1945 JUN 2018
  • Hemiparasite-density effects on grassland plant diversity, composition and biomass
    Heer, N; Klimmek, F; Zwahlen, C; Fischer, M; Holzel, N; Klaus, VH; Kleinebecker, T; Prati, D; Boch, S
    PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS, 32 22-29; 10.1016/j.ppees.2018.01.004 JUN 2018
  • Intra- and interspecific tree diversity promotes multitrophic plant-Hemiptera-ant interactions in a forest diversity experiment
    Cao, HX; Klein, AM; Zhu, CD; Staab, M; Durka, W; Fischer, M; Fornoff, F
    BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY, 29 89-97; 10.1016/j.baae.2018.03.005 JUN 2018
  • High land-use intensity exacerbates shifts in grassland vegetation composition after severe experimental drought
    Stampfli, A; Bloor, JMG; Fischer, M; Zeiter, M
    GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 24 (5):2021-2034; https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14046 MAY 2018
  • Effects of mowing, grazing and fertilization on soil seed banks in temperate grasslands in Central Europe
    Klaus, VH; Schafer, D; Prati, D; Busch, V; Hamer, U; Hoever, CJ; Kleinebecker, T; Mertens, D; Fischer, M; Holzel, N
    AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT, 256 211-217; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.008 MAR 15 2018
  • Redefining ecosystem multifunctionality
    Manning, P; van der Plas, F; Soliveres, S; Allan, E; Maestre, F T; Mace, G; Whittingham, M J; Fischer, M
    NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, 2 (3):427-436; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0461-7 MAR 2018
  • Two closely related species differ in their regional genetic differentiation despite admixing
    Schmidt, Lisanna; Fischer, Markus; Oja, Tatjana
    AOB PLANTS, 10 (1): https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/ply007 FEB 2018
Fischer Markus

Prof. Dr. Markus Fischer
University of Bern
Institute of Plant Sciences and Botanical Garden
3013 Bern

Tel: +41 (0)31 631 49 43

Research topics

  • Evolutionary Ecology
  • Functional Biodiversity Research
  • Conservation Biology
  • Invasion Biology
  • Alpine Ecology

 

Interdisciplinary

Often in the framework of several larger research units in Switzerland, Germany, China and Africa we collaborate with

  • Molecular biologists
  • Population geneticists and biologists
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem researchers of all kinds
  • Modelers, mostly on plant interactions with other organisms.