Plants and animals in a rapidly changing environment
Quantifying and conserving biodiversity is now recognized as more important than ever. We are investigating origins of biodiversity, including the analysis of patterns of diversity, and factors that mould those patterns both over evolutionary time and in the present day. Genetic analyses allow us to quantify diversity and help define appropriate units for conservation. Populations fluctuate in size, sometimes declining to extinction. An understanding of how populations are regulated is crucial for their conservation in the long term. Differences between individuals, age and sex structure of populations, and threats from disease and habitat change all affect the persistence of populations. Effective management and conservation, whether in wild or captive populations, requires an understanding of factors which contribute to population decline. Risk assessment, through various modelling approaches, can provide novel insights into population dynamics and valuable information for policy makers.
Cutting-edge research is often a result of productive, interdisciplinary collaboration. The Section of Conservation Biology aims to achieve this through a network of national and international partnerships which encompass University departments, research institutions, government and non-government bodies, zoos and a wide range of conservation groups.
- Genetic effects of anthropogenic habitat fragmentation on remnant animal and plant populations: a meta-analysis
Schlaepfer, Daniel R.; Braschler, Brigitte; Rusterholz, Hans-Peter; Baur, Bruno
ECOSPHERE, 9 (10):10.1002/ecs2.2488 OCT 2018
- Invasion of the alien shrub Prunus laurocerasus in suburban deciduous forests: Effects on native vegetation and soil properties
Rusterholz, HP; Schneuwly, J; Baur, B
ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 92 44-51; 10.1016/j.actao.2018.08.004 OCT 2018
- Intensity-dependent impact of sport climbing on vascular plants and land snails on limestone cliffs
Schmera, Denes; Rusterholz, Hans-Peter; Baur, Anette; et al.
BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 224:63-70 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.05.012 AUG 2018
- Diverse effects of degree of urbanisation and forest size on species richness and functional diversity of plants, and ground surface-active ants and spiders
Melliger, Ramona Laila; Braschler, Brigitte; Rusterholz, Hans-Peter; et al.
PLOS ONE 13(6) 10.1371/journal.pone.e0199245 JUN 19 2018
- The invasive plant Impatiens glandulifera affects soil fungal diversity and the bacterial community in forests
Gaggini, Luca; Rusterholz, Hans-Peter; Baur, Bruno
APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY (124):335-343 10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.11.021 MAR 2018
- Ecosystem functioning in cities: Combined effects of urbanisation and forest size on early-stage leaf litter decomposition of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.)
Melliger, Ramona Laila; Rusterholz, Hans-Peter; Baur, Bruno
URBAN FORESTRY & URBAN GREENING, 28: 88-96 10.1016/j.ufug.2017.10.009 DEC 2017
- Bridging science and practice in conservation: Deficits and challenges from a research perspective
Farwig, Nina; Ammer, Christian; Annighoefer, Peter; et al.
BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY, 24: 1-8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2017.08.007 NOV 2017
- Effects of habitat alterations on biodiversity
- Genetical effects in small populations
- Pollination and reproductive biology of rare plant species
- Butterfly-plant interactions
- Spatial patterns of plant communities
- Neighbourhood analysis
- Computational ecology
- Theoretical approach – practical implication